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Moteur de recherche d'offres d'emploi CEA

Post-doc H/F


Vacancy details

General information

Organisation

The French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA) is a key player in research, development and innovation in four main areas :
• defence and security,
• nuclear energy (fission and fusion),
• technological research for industry,
• fundamental research in the physical sciences and life sciences.

Drawing on its widely acknowledged expertise, and thanks to its 16000 technicians, engineers, researchers and staff, the CEA actively participates in collaborative projects with a large number of academic and industrial partners.

The CEA is established in ten centers spread throughout France
  

Reference

2023-28845  

Description de l'unité

Internationally recognized in the field of environmental biology, the BIAM brings together the skills of 150 collaborators from its three divisions.

Its objective is to advance knowledge and develop biotechnological concepts, for example, in the field of soil and contaminated water decontamination (bioremediation), health or the production of high value-added molecules such as 3rd generation biofuels.
To achieve this, the Institute's 9 teams are studying the response and adaptation mechanisms of our preferred biological models, namely bacteria, microalgae and plants, in the face of environmental constraints.
Our group has a strong interest in the photosynthetic mechanisms that are conserved in all phototrophic organisms for photoprotection and energy production. This work is based on our technical platforms and our technological platforms but also on state-of-the-art laboratories.

Position description

Category

Biology, biophysics and biochemistry

Contract

Postdoc

Job title

Post-doc H/F

Subject

Postdoctoral Research Associate Position
Investigating the connection between photosynthetic and respiratory electron flows in cyanobacteria

A postdoctoral position is now open in the Photosynthesis & Environment team at the Bioscience and Biotechnology Institute of Aix-Marseille (https://www.cite-des-energies.fr/en/home-biam/search/pe/), under the supervision of Dr Stefania Viola.

Contract duration (months)

12

Job description

In oxygenic photosynthesis, Linear Electron Flow (LEF) between photosystem II (PSII) and photosystem I (PSI) leads to the reduction of NADP+ to NADPH and to the generation of the trans-thylakoid proton motive force (pmf) used to produce ATP. Additionally, Cyclic Electron Flow (CEF) around PSI generates pmf, and thus ATP, but no NADPH. The regulation of the alternative electron flows is proposed to adjust the ratio between the ATP and NADPH produced to meet the requirements for CO2 fixation.

Cyanobacteria are the only organisms where the photosynthetic electron transport chain is connected and shares components with the respiratory one, which is also located in the thylakoids1. In cyanobacteria, “mixed” photosynthetic and respiratory electron flows can thus occur during illumination, in addition to LEF and CEF. In particular, respiratory complexes can use electrons coming from PSI and PSII to generate extra pmf, and therefore ATP, to sustain CO2 fixation.

The main aim of the project is to investigate how the connection between photosynthetic and respiratory electron flows contributes to optimising the efficiency of light energy conversion and of CO2 fixation in the model cyanobacteria Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 (Synechocystis) and Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 (S. elongatus). The second aim is to investigate how the regulation of the alternative electron flows depends on the molecular architecture of the electron transport chain, and more specifically on i) the relative amounts of the complexes, and ii) their lateral distribution in the thylakoids2, with the possible formation of functional microdomains3 and/or supercomplexes.

We are looking for a postdoctoral researcher with experience in molecular biology, biochemistry and in the study of the photosynthetic activity who will:

-          Generate mutants and culture strains of Synechocystis and S. elongtaus.

-          Use chlorophyll fluorescence and time-resolved optical spectroscopy to investigate the photosynthetic activity in vivo in the generated strains. In particular, use ElectroChromic Shift (ECS) to quantify the photosynthetic electron transport rates and kinetics4,5,6.

-          Use gas exchange to measure the rates of CO2 fixation and of O2 evolution and consumption.

-          Use biochemical techniques and in vivo time-resolved optical spectroscopy to quantify the relative amounts of the electron transport chain components.

-          Use confocal fluorescence microscopy to investigate the distribution and co-localisation of the electron transport chain components in the thylakoids.

-          Analyse and interpret data, and write papers to report experimental findings.

-          Participate in conducting relevant collaborative projects and communicate with collaborators.

-          Attend relevant conferences and present findings in oral or poster form.

-          Participate in advising and training other postdocs, PhDs, and students.

Applicant Profile

Person Specification

Essential Knowledge, Skills and Experience

1. A PhD or equivalent experience in a relevant research area (plant biochemistry, physiology, biophysics or similar).

2. Experience in microbiology, molecular biology, genetic manipulation of photosynthetic organisms, biochemistry.

3. Solid knowledge of photosynthesis.

 

Desirable – Knowledge, Skills, Experience and qualifications

1. Experience of research in regulation of photosynthesis, including use of gas exchange, chlorophyll fluorescence and time-resolved optical spectroscopy.

2. Previous experience in working with cyanobacteria is not required but welcome.

 

Application procedure

Your application should include the following documents:

-          Curriculum vitae, incl. educational qualifications, experience, skills and a list of publications

-          Motivation letter, incl. a brief summary of past and current research accomplishments

-          2-3 reference letters and contact of referees

 

Relevant literature

1.       D. J. Lea-Smith, P. Bombelli, R. Vasudevan, et al., Photosynthetic, respiratory and extracellular electron transport pathways in cyanobacteria. BBA - Bioenerg. 1857, 247–255 (2016) DOI:10.1016/j.bbabio.2015.10.007.

2.       L. N. Liu, S. J. Bryan, F. Huang, et al., Control of electron transport routes through redox-regulated redistribution of respiratory complexes. PNAS 109, 11431–11436 (2012) DOI:10.1073/pnas.1120960109.

3.       A. Strašková, G. Steinbach, G. Konert, et al., Pigment-protein complexes are organized into stable microdomains in cyanobacterial thylakoids. BBA - Bioenerg. 1860 (2019) DOI:10.1016/j.bbabio.2019.07.008.

4.       B. Bailleul, P. Cardol, C. Breyton, et al., Electrochromism: A useful probe to study algal photosynthesis. Photosynth. Res. 106, 179–189 (2010) DOI:10.1007/s11120-010-9579-z.

5.       S. Viola, B. Bailleul, J. Yu, et al., Probing the electric field across thylakoid membranes in cyanobacteria. PNAS 116, 21900–21906 (2019) DOI:10.1073/pnas.1913099116.

6.       S. Viola, J. Sellés, B. Bailleul, et al., In vivo electron donation from plastocyanin and cytochrome c6 to PSI in Synechocystis sp. PCC6803. BBA - Bioenerg. 1862 (2021). DOI: 10.1016/j.bbabio.2021.148449.

Position location

Site

Cadarache

Job location

France, Provence-Côte d'Azur, Bouches du Rhône (13)

Location

SAINT-PAUL-LEZ-DURANCE

Candidate criteria

Languages

English (Fluent)

Requester

Position start date

03/01/2024